Vanuatu Sessional Legislation
Commencement: 31 July 1998
REPUBLIC OF VANUATU
PUBLIC SERVICE ACT
NO. 11 OF 1998
Arrangement of Sections
PART I - PRELIMINARY
2. Public Service
3. Objects of Act
4. Guiding principles of Public Service
PART II - PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
7. Objectives of Public Service Commission
8. Major functions of the Commission
9. Qualifications of members of the Commission
10. Annual report
11. Delegation Of powers of Chairman
12. Role of Chairman
14. Employees of the commission
PART III - DUTY ON COMMISSION TO ACT AS A GOOD EMPLOYER
15. Duty to act as a good employer
16. Prohibition on Ministerial interference with the commission
PART TV - PUBLIC SERVICE
17. Application to Public Service
18. Appointments of directors-general and directors of departments
19. Delegation by director-general or director of department
20. Principal responsibilities
21. Function, responsibilities, duties and powers
22. Prohibition oil Ministerial interference with ministry
23. Appointments to the public Service
24. Evidence of appointments
25. Promotion and salary increments
26. Failure to comply with a direction to transfer or posting
28. Notice of termination of employment and resignation
29. Dismissal for cause
30. Temporary salaried and contract employees
31. Daily rated workers
PART V - CODE OF CONDUCT
32. Private employment and elections
33. Fees for official services
34. Employees obligations
PART VI - DISPUTE AND DISCIPLINARY PROCEDURE
35. Dispute resolution
36. Disciplinary matters
37. Disciplinary Board to hear and determine offences
38. Right of appeal
39. Powers of Commission to summon witness
PART VII - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS RELATING TO THE PUBLIC SERVICE
40. Membership and recognition of Staff Association
41. Medical examinations
44. Public Service Staff Manual and Instructions
45. Notices to directors-general and employees
46. Offence to attempt to influence Commission
47. Obligation to report
PART VIII - MISCELLANEOUS
48. Redundancy in public sector
49. Duty of Commission to consult with director-general
51. Ministries and the Public Service
REPUBLIC OF VANUATU
PUBLIC SERVICE ACT
NO. 11 OF 1998
An Act to provide for the Public Service.
BE IT ENACTED by the President and Parliament as follows:-
1. The purpose of this Act is to provide for the Public Service.
OBJECTS OF ACT
3. The principal objects of this Act are:
(a) to establish an independent Public Service that is efficient and effective in serving the Government, the Parliament and the public;
(b) to provide a legal framework for the effective and fair employment, management and leadership of employees; and
(c) to establish the rights and obligations of employees.
GUIDING PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC SERVICE
(a) be independent and perform their functions in an impartial and professional manner;
(b) make employment decisions based on merit;
(c) provide a workplace that is free from discrimination and recognises the diverse background of employees;
(d) have the highest ethical standards;
(e) be accountable for their actions;
(f) be responsive to the Government in providing timely advice and implementing Government's polices and programs;
(g) deliver services fairly, effectively, impartially and courteously to the public and to visitors to Vanuatu;
(h) provide leadership of the highest quality;
(i) establish, co-operative workplace relations based on consultation and communication;
(j) focus on achieving results and managing performance;
(k) observe the law; and
(l) ensure transparency in the performance of their functions.
5. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires -
"Appropriate Minister" in relation to a ministry means:
(a) the Minister responsible for the ministry; or
(b) where 2 or more, Ministers are responsible for different functions of a ministry, the Minister responsible for the relevant functions of the ministry.
"Chairman" means the Chairman of the Public Service Commission appointed in accordance with Article 59(2) of the Constitution;
"Commission" means the Public Service Commission established by Article 59 of the Constitution;
"Commissioner" means a member of the Commission;
"Director of Department" or "Director" means a person appointed, as director of a department within a ministry;
"Director General" means the head of a ministry;
"Employee" in relation to the Public Service means a person employed therein whether on the permanent staff or temporarily or on probation or as a casual employee or daily rated worker, whether by way of written contract or otherwise but does not include a director general or director other than for the purposes of section 27;
"Minister" means the minister responsible for the Public Service:
"Ministry" means a ministry of the Government and includes a department within the ministry, and includes a State appointed office, agency or instrument designated by the Prime Minister under the Government Act 1998 or section 50 of this Act;
"prescribed" means prescribed by regulations under this Act.
(2) This Act shall bind the State.
PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
OBJECTIVES OF PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
MAJOR FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMISSION
(a) to provide policy advice to Government on matters relating to the efficiency and effectiveness of the Public Service and in human resource development; and
(b) the appointment and promotion of employees on merit; and
(c) the selection or approval of those to undergo training courses overseas and for such purposes may organise competitive examinations; and
(d) the resolution of employment disputes and discipline of employees in accordance with this Act; and
(e) promoting the codes of conduct in Part V; and
(f) subject to the provisions of any other enactment, to classify and set levels of salary and allowances and other entitlements of employees; and
(g) to review the efficiency and economy of the Public Service in employment matters; and
(h) for the purposes of efficient Government in employment matters, to review the establishment and approve the grading of posts; and
(i) coordinating and providing training programs in Vanuatu for, and assisting with, the training of employees; and
(j) providing guidelines to directors-general, directors and to the Public Service in managing or developing employees in good employer systems and obligations; and
(k) ensuring the observance of the rule of law in public affairs;
(1) to ensure compliance with and be responsible for the administration of this Act.
(2) In carrying out its functions the Commission must have regard to the policies of Government as communicated to the Chairman of the Commission from time to time in writing by the Minister.
(3) Notwithstanding subsection (2), in matters affecting employees (whether matters relating to the appointment, remuneration, promotion, demotion, transfer, disciplining or the cessation of any employee or other matters) the Commission shall act independently but have regard to its obligation to act as a good employer.
(4) Notwithstanding subsection (2) the Commission will not be subject to the direction or control of any other person or body in the exercise of its functions.
(5) The Commission may at anytime in respect of matters referred to in this section or on such other matters as the Minister may request:
(a) carry out such investigations or inspections as the Commission thinks necessary;
(b) require and receive such reports as the Commission thinks necessary;
(c) provide advice to a director-general;
(d) report to the Minister and to the Speaker of Parliament in which event the Speaker shall upon receipt of a report table it in Parliament as soon as practicable.
QUALIFICATIONS OF MEMBERS OF THE COMMISSION
(a) wide and detailed knowledge or experience in public employment issues, management and policy; and
(b) public confidence and standing in the community and is of good character.
(2) A copy of the report must be laid before Parliament within 14 days after the date on which it is furnished to the Minister if Parliament is then in session and if not, must be laid before Parliament within 14 days of the commencement of the next ensuing session.
DELEGATION OF POWERS OF CHAIRMAN
(2) In any case where the Chairman has pursuant to subsection (1) delegated any of his or her powers to any person, that person may, with the prior approval of the Chairman delegate such of those powers as the Chairman approves to another person who is the holder for the time being of any specified office in the Public Service.
(3) Subject to any General or special directions given by the Chairman to the person to whom any powers are so delegated, that person may exercise those powers in the same manner and with the same effect as if they hall been conferred on him or her directly by this Act and not by delegation.
(4) A person purporting to act pursuant to a delegation under this section will, in the absence of proof to the contrary, be presumed to be acting in accordance with the terms of the delegation.
(5) Each delegation shall be revocable in writing at will and no delegation will prevent the exercise of any power or function by the Chairman.
(6) Any such delegation will, until it is revoked, continue in force according to its tenor, not withstanding the death or any change of Chairman.
ROLE OF CHAIRMAN
(a) call regular meetings of the Commission; and
(b) preside over and chair meetings of the Commission, and
(c) exercise a casting vote at meetings where there is an equality of votes; and
(d) be primarily responsible for the effective operation, management and performance of the Commission.
(2) The Secretary is subject to the direction of the Chairman of the Commission.
EMPLOYEES OF THE COMMISSION
DUTY ON COMMISSION TO ACT AS A GOOD EMPLOYER
DUTY TO ACT AS A GOOD EMPLOYER
(2) The Commission shall as a good employer:
(a) ensure the fair and proper treatment of employees in all aspects of their employment; and
(b) require the selection of persons for appointments and promotion to be based upon merit; and
(c) promote good and safe working conditions, and
(d) encourage the enhancement of the abilities of individual employees; and
(e) promote and encourage an equal opportunities programme; and
(f) abide by the principles set out in section 4.
(3) In determining a person's merit for appointment or promotion to a post or salary increment regard must be had to:
(a) skill and ability to perform the duties and responsibilities of the post; and
(b) the standard and efficiency of work performance; and
(c) formal qualifications and training; and
(d) personal qualities including conduct.
(4) For the purpose of subsection (3) where appropriate the Commission may determine the minimum qualifications for any position.
PROHIBITION ON MINISTERIAL INTERFERENCE WITH THE COMMISSION
APPLICATION TO PUBLIC SERVICE
APPOINTMENTS OF DIRECTORS-GENERAL AND DIRECTORS OF DEPARTMENTS
(2) The Commission must prior to appointing or promoting a person to the position of director-general or director of a department follow the procedure set out hereunder -
(a) advertise the position in a newspaper with a wide circulation in Vanuatu; and
(b) ensure the advertisement allows an applicant a minimum of 2 weeks in which to make an application; and
(c) provide an address as to where to send the application; and
(d) convene a panel of 3 independent persons to interview and require the panel, having regard to section 15 (imposing a duty to act as a good employer), to recommend a short list of the most competent and suitable applicants; and
(e) make the appointment from the short list.
(3) A director-general or director may only be removed from office after investigation by the Commission for incompetence, disability, bankruptcy, neglect of duty, misconduct or a breach of his or her performance agreement.
(4) Any act by a director-general or director that would be a serious disciplinary offence under section 36 will amount to misconduct under subsection (4).
DELEGATION BY DIRECTOR-GENERAL OR DIRECTOR OF DEPARTMENT
20. (1) A director-general is to be responsible to the appropriate Minister for:
(a) carrying out the functions and duties of the ministry including the implementation of Government policies; and
(b) tendering advice to the appropriate Minister and other Ministers of State in matters pertaining to the ministry; and
(c) complying with the Public Finance and Economic Management Act 1998; and
(d) complying with obligations under any enactment pertaining to the functions of his or her ministry; and
(e) the efficient effective and economic management of the activities of the ministry; and
(f) complying with and observing the rule of law in public affairs; and
(g) providing a corporate plan in a form, content and at a time directed by the Commission; and
(h) providing an annual report in accordance with guidelines set by the Commission (after consultation between the Commission and Director-General of the Ministry of Finance and Economic Management) with the first annual report to be furnished within 90 days of the end of the 1999 financial year;
(i) supporting and achieving the collective interests of Government.
(2) A director is to be responsible to the director-general of his or her ministry for complying with and observing when applicable the responsibilities set out in subsection (1) in relation to the department.
(3) The Minister must table the annual report provided under paragraph (b) of subsection (1) in Parliament within 14 sitting days of receipt of the report.
FUNCTIONS, RESPONSIBILITIES, DUTIES AND POWERS
(2) A director-general or director shall have the powers necessary to carry out the functions, responsibilities and duties imposed on that director-general or director by or under this Act as well as the powers necessary to carry out the functions, responsibilities and duties imposed on that director-general or director by or under any other Act.
(3) A director-general or director shall have the powers necessary, including in respect of employees to operate and administer his or her Ministry or department including the power of transferring employees within the ministry or department.
(4) In exercising the functions responsibilities and duties as a director- general or director in employment matters he or she must be a good employer as that term is defined in section 15.
PROHIBITION ON MINISTERIAL INTERFERENCE WITH MINISTRY
APPOINTMENTS TO PUBLIC SERVICE
(2) The Commission must prior to making an appointment consult with and take into consideration the views and requirements of a director-general affected by the appointment. The director-general must consult with and take into account the views and requirements of a director affected.
(3) Subject to Article 57(2) of the Constitution, where a position becomes available in the Public Service, whether it is a new or existing position, any person from within or outside of the Public Service may be appointed to that position.
(4) Where a person is first appointed to the Public Service that appointment may, in the discretion of the Commission, be on probation.
EVIDENCE OF APPOINTMENTS
(2) A certificate signed by the Secretary Of the Commission that any certificate was appointed Public Service from a date stated therein will be sufficient evidence that the person so named was duly appointed to and continued to hold the office or position from that date unless the contrary is proved.
PROMOTION AND SALARY INCREMENTS
(2) In awarding a promotion or salary increment the Commission must consult with and take into consideration the views and requirements of a director-general affected. The director-general must consult with and take into consideration the views and requirements of a director affected.
FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH A DIRECTION TO TRANSFER OR POSTING
(2) Any employee who fails to comply with a direction of the Commission requiring him or her to transfer or accept a posting may forthwith be dismissed or demoted with a consequent reduction in remuneration unless, in the opinion of the Commission, the employee justifies the non-compliance by adducing some valid and sufficient reason for it.
(2) Where by reason of Government policy or economic necessity the number of persons employed in the Public Service generally or a Ministry, department, agency or instrument of Government is to be significantly reduced or where significant changes in the role or functions of a Ministry, department, agency or instrument of Government make it desirable to review the staff in particular positions, the Commission may -
(a) issue an information memorandum advising of the pending reduction or review of positions; and
(b) as soon as practicable establish those positions that will be available and to which appointments are to be made.
(3) A person who is employed in the Public Service and who is unsuccessful in being appointed to a position under subsection 2(b) will be given a notice of termination of employment in accordance with section 28.
(4) For the avoidance of doubt the service of a person previously employed in the Public Service and who is appointed under subsection (3) will be deemed not to have been interrupted by reason of the appointment and every allowance or payment will be determined without regard to that appointment as if that person's service were continuous.
(5) An employee whose employment is terminated under this section will be entitled to receive a redundancy payment on the date of the termination of the employee's employment calculated on the basis of 1 month's pay for every continuous 12 months period employed.
(6) For every period less than 12 months employment, a sum equal to 1/12 of the appropriate sum calculated under subsection (5) multiplied by the number of months during which the employee was in continuous employment will be paid.
(7) In addition an employee will be entitled to be repatriated in accordance with sections 58 to 60 of the Employment Act [CAP. 160] or in accordance with any subsequent amendments thereto.
NOTICE OF TERMINATION OF EMPLOYMENT AND RESIGNATION
(b) in respect of an employee who has served not less than 12 months continuous employment, but not more than 2 years continuous employment he or she shall be given 1 month's notice;
(c) in respect of an employee who has served continuously for not less than 2 years but not more than 3 years, he or she shall be given 2 months notice;
(d) in respect of an employee who has served continuously for 3 years or more he or she shall be given 3 months notice.
(2) This section shall not derogate in any manner from any other provision of this Act conferring a power to dismiss employees.
(3) An employee may resign his or her employment at any time, and when that occurs the notice period shall be the period specified in the Employment Act [CAP. 160] (and any subsequent amendments thereto).
DISMISSAL FOR CAUSE
(2) The Commission may where the past performance of the employee has been exemplary provide to the employee a redundancy payment as if the employee's employment had been terminated under the Employment Act [Cap 160].
TEMPORARY SALARIED AND CONTRACT EMPLOYEES
(2) Temporary salaried employees may be employed for a period not exceeding 6 months and shall be paid such remuneration and be subject to such conditions of employment as may be determined by the Commission.
(3) Where, due to the nature of the employment (such as short term specialist services) to be performed, and where it is inappropriate for that person to be employed on a permanent basis, the Commission may employ persons pursuant to a contract of employment.
(4) The contract may in the discretion of the Commission, exclude the person so employed from being subject to this Act or from provisions of this Act.
DAILY RATED WORKERS
(2) Daily rated workers may have their employment terminated in accordance with the Employment Act [Cap 160] by the Commission or in the case misconduct or inability without notice.
(3) Subject to any enactment or award or settlement providing for the same, the wage rates and conditions of employment of daily rated workers shall be as determined by the Commission.
(4) In the employment of daily rated works the Commission must comply with its obligation to act as a good employer and the appeal provisions provided in this Act shall be available to any such daily rated worker.
CODE OF CONDUCT
PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT AND ELECTIONS
(2) A person who intends becoming a candidate for election to Parliament must resign from the Public Service before accepting nomination as a candidate for election to Parliament.
FEES FOR OFFICIAL SERVICES
(2) Where an employee is required to perform any service for which a charge would lawfully be payable, then that charge must be levied and the amount paid into the Public Fund, or into the account of the ministry concerned.
(3) Subsections (1) and (2) of this section shall apply to directors-general and directors.
(a) comply with generally accepted behaviour in the conduct of his or her employment; and
(b) comply with any reasonable direction given by a director- general, director or the Commission; and
(c) behave honestly and with integrity; and
(d) act with care and diligence; and
(e) treat everyone with respect and courtesy and without coercion or harassment of any kind; and
(f) observe and comply with all applicable laws;
(g) comply with all lawful and reasonable directions given by someone employed in the ministry for which the employee works and who has authority to give the direction; and
(h) maintain confidentiality about dealings that the employee has with any minister or members of staff of a ministry; and
(i) disclose and take reasonable steps to avoid any conflict of interest (real or apparent) in connection with his or her employment; and
(j) use resources and public money in a lawful and proper manner; and
(k) not provide false or misleading information in response to a request for information; and
(l) not make improper use of information or his or her duty, status, power or authority in order to vain or seek to gain a benefit or advantage for himself or herself or for any other person, and
(m) comply with any other requirements imposed by, this or any other Act, regulation or instruction.
DISPUTE AND DISCIPLINARY PROCEDURE
(2) The director-general or if more than one, each of them or their nominees together shall hear the dispute with a view to reaching a resolution between the parties and in the event that a resolution cannot be reached then the dispute is to be referred to conciliation under Part II of the Trades Disputes Act [CAP. 162], or under the relevant provisions of any enactment that replaces that Act.
36. (1) A employee commits a disciplinary offence who -
(a) by any wilful act or omission fails to comply with the requirements of this Act or of any order hereunder or of any official instrument made under the authority of the Commission or of the director-general of the ministry in which the employee is employed;
(b) in the course of his or her duties disobeys, disregards or makes wilful default in carrying out any lawful order or instruction given by any person having authority to give the order or instruction or by word or conduct displays insubordination;
(c) is negligent, careless, indolent, inefficient, or incompetent in the discharge of his or her duties;
(d) behaves in a manner calculated to cause unreasonable distress to other employees or to affect adversely the performance of their duties;
(e) uses intoxicating liquors or drugs including for the avoidance of doubt, kava, to excess or in such manner as to affect adversely the performance of his or her duties;
(f) improperly uses or removes property, stores, monies, stamps, securities or negotiable instruments for the time being in his or her official custody or under his or her control, or fails to take reasonable care of any such property, stores, monies, stamps, securities or negotiable instruments;
(g) otherwise than in the proper discharge of his or her duties directly or indirectly discloses or for private purposes uses any information acquired by him or her either in the course of his or her duties or in his capacity as an employee;
(h) absents himself or herself from his or her office or from the official duties during hours of duty without leave or valid excuse, or is habitually irregular in the time of his or her arrival or departure from his or her place of employment;
(i) is guilty of any improper conduct in his or her official capacity, either inside or outside of working hours, or of any other improper conduct which is likely to affect adversely the performance of his or her duties or is likely to bring the Public Service into disrepute;
(j) is guilty of any other offence prescribed from time to time by regulations made under this Act.
DISCIPLINARY BOARD TO HEAR AND DETERMINE OFFENCES
(a) a member of the Commission appointed by the Commission for 3 years;
(b) a member of the public service appointed by the Public Service Staff Association or in the case when no staff association exists, appointed by Judicial Services Commission for 3 years:
(c) a director appointed by the Judicial Services Commission for 3 years.
(2) A member of the Board shall include an employee, director or member of the Commission (as the case may be) who is nominated by a member of the Board to fill that member's place, during any absence from the Board of that member.
(3) A member of the Board who has an interest over and above the interest of other members in any proceedings before the Board shall disqualify himself or herself from participating in the conduct of those proceedings. in which event, there will be appointed by the Commission or the Judicial Services Commission (as the case may be) for the purposes of those proceedings a person in the place of the disqualified member.
(4) Each member will be paid a sitting allowance and such other allowances as may be prescribed by the Minister subject to an enactment providing for the manner in which those allowances shall be determined.
(5) Every proceeding before the Board shall be commenced by notice of offence in the form prescribed and containing particulars of the offence as will fully and fairly inform the offender of the offence and date of hearing which shall be not less than 28 days from the date of service of the notice on the offender.
(6) The procedure at the hearing will be as the Board may determine.
(7) Notwithstanding anything in this section, the Board may, of in its opinion a case involves matters of a professional, technical or specialised nature, appoint a person who in its opinion has expert knowledge of such matters to be an assessor for purposes of the case, and the assessor shall sit with the Board for the hearing and determination of the case, except that he or she will not participate in the Board's deliberations and will have no vote in the determination of the case.
(8) At the hearing a director-general (or representative), and/or the employee will be entitled to be present and may be represented and assisted by an advocate or any other person.
(9) The Board in considering a disciplinary matter before it may:
(a) dismiss the notice; or
(b) issue a warning or reprimand to the offender; or
(c) demote the employee; or
(d) suspend the offender from the Public Service without pay, or
(e) order compulsory retirement; or
(f) dismiss the offender from the Public Service.
(10) Proceedings before the Board shall not be bad for want of form.
(11) Unless an appeal has been lodged in accordance with section 38, all decisions of the Board shall be subject to confirmation by the Commission not later than 30 days after they have been published or notified to the employee concerned.
(12) The Commission may confirm decisions of the Board, vary such decisions or quash them.
(13) If the Commission fails to confirm, vary or quash a decision of the Board within the time provided in subsection (11) it shall be considered to have quashed the decision.
(14) The member or the Commission who sits on the Board must not participate nor confer with other members of the Commission when the Commission is exercising its functions under subsections (11), (12) and (13).
RIGHT OF APPEAL
(2) The Supreme Court may affirm, vary or quash the decision of the Board.
POWERS OF BOARD TO SUMMON WITNESS
MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS RELATING
TO THE PUBLIC SERVICE
MEMBERSHIP AND RECOGNITION OF STAFF ASSOCIATION
(a) relating to the conduct of employees or of any class thereof, the maintenance of integrity; the control of activities which are or may be detrimental to the performance of official duties, the furnishing of official information and the maintenance of impartiality in the performance of official duties; and
(b) prescribing conditions of retirement (including for compulsory and early retirement); and
(c) prescribing the form of documents to be employed in dealing with staff and employment and disciplinary matters; and
(d) providing for such matters as are contemplated by or necessary for giving full effect to the provisions of this Act and for the due administration thereof;
(e) prescribing procedures in disciplinary action.
(2) Every regulation made under this section shall come into force on a date to be specified therein in that behalf (whether before or after the date of the Order making the regulation, and if no such date is specified shall come into force on the date on which the regulation was made.
(3) Upon the coming into force of regulations made pursuant to this section every determination, decision matter or thing made or done before the date of their coming into force and affected by those regulations and not inconsistent therewith shall remain in force and be deemed to have been determined, decided or made pursuant to those regulations but where inconsistent shall cease to exist unless otherwise provided by those regulations.
PUBLIC SERVICE STAFF MANUAL AND INSTRUCTIONS
(a) eligibility for appointment to the Public Service;
(b) procedure for such appointment (including probationary appointments and periods);
(c) salaries, allowances and payments in respect of overtime;
(d) mileage allowance and use of vehicles;
(e) subsistence, posting and travelling allowances;
(f) travel allowances beyond Vanuatu;
(g) housing benefits;
(h) general conduct;
(j) leave entitlements;
(k) medical entitlements;
(l) training and courses;
(m) cessation of service;
(o) employment of contract employees.
(2) Subject to the provisions of this Act and regulations prescribed, the Commission may from time to time issue instructions relating to any matter in this Act and the Staff Manual and every instruction if lawfully made shall be complied with by every employee.
NOTICES TO DIRECTORS-GENERAL AND EMPLOYEES
(a) by delivering it to the director-general, director or employee; or
(b) by sending it to the director-general, director or employee in a letter addressed and posted to him or her at his or her usual place of employment or at his or her last known place of abode.
OFFENCE TO ATTEMPT TO INFLUENCE COMMISSION
(2) A person who acts ill Contravention of the provisions of this section commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding VT500,000 or a term of imprisonment not exceeding 1 year or both, and where applicable the person found to be in breach, will be in breach of the Leadership Code and that person is liable to be dealt with under the Leadership Code in addition to any penalty imposed under this section.
(3) Nothing in this section shall be so construed as to prohibit any person from giving or making representations in respect of any case or appeal at the request or invitation of the Commission or the Board or as a witness or as a defendant or appellant or the representative of a director-general, director or employee appearing at a hearing before the Commission or Board or providing a reference or acting as a referee in any employment application.
OBLIGATION TO REPORT
(2) Where an alleged breach is reported under subsection (1) the person making the allegation shall not be penalised in any wav whether the allocation is proven or not unless it is proved beyond reasonable doubt that the report was made maliciously and in bad faith.
REDUNDANCY IN PUBLIC SECTOR
DUTY OF COMMISSION TO CONSULT WITH DIRECTOR-GENERAL
(2) The Commission must take into consideration the views and requirements of the director-general prior to taking the proposed action, and must cooperate and be prepared to compromise where appropriate in the action initially proposed.
(2) The Public Service Commission, and every employee, director-general or director in the Public Service holding office before the commencement of this Act shall, after the commencement of this Act continue to hold office subject to the provisions of this Act.
(3) Every person employed in the Public Service immediately before the commencement of this Act shall, after the commencement of this Act and if' employed within a ministry established by the Prime Minister under any enactment, continue to be employed subject to the provisions of this Act.
(4) In any case in which immediately before the commencement of this Act a disciplinary case or an appeal or action before the Supreme Court of Vanuatu or the Court of Appeal of Vanuatu or Commission was pending, that case or appeal as the case may be, may be continued after the commencement of this Act, and shall be heard and disposed of under the law in force immediately before the commencement of this Act as if the law had continued in force.
(5) The Staff Manual of the Public Service and the matters prescribed therein so long as they are not inconsistent with this Act, shall remain in full force and effect until revoked and a new manual published.
MINISTRIES AND THE PUBLIC SERVICE
(2) Where the Prime Minister is empowered to designate a ministry by more than one enactment the exercise of that power pursuant to the empowering provision of one enactment will be deemed to be the exercise of that power under the corresponding provision in the other enactments and the Prime Minister shall not be required to specify under which enactment the power has exercised.
52. The Public Service Act [CAP. 129] is hereby repealed.
53. This Act shall come into force on the date of its publication in the Gazette.