Fiji Consolidated Legislation
LAWS OF FIJI
LAW REFORM (MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS)
(DEATH AND INTEREST)
Ordinance No. 7 of 1935
AN ACT TO AMEND THE LAW AS TO THE EFFECT OF DEATH IN RELATION TO CAUSES OF ACTION AND AS TO THE AWARDING OF INTEREST IN CIVIL PROCEEDINGS.
[28th May, 1935.]
1. This Act may be cited as the Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions)(Death and Interest) Act.
Effect of death on certain causes of action
2.-(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, on the death of any person after the commencement of this Act all causes of action subsisting against or vested in him shall survive against or, as the case may be, for the benefit of, his estate:
Provided that this subsection shall not apply to causes of action for defamation or seduction or for inducing one spouse to leave
or remain apart from the other or to claims under section 32 of the Matrimonial Causes Act for damages on the ground of adultery.
(2) Where a cause of action survives as aforesaid for the benefit of the estate of a deceased person, the damages recoverable for the benefit of the estate of that person-
(a) shall not include any exemplary damages;
(b) in the case of a breach of promise to marry shall be limited to such damage (if any) to the estate of that person as flows from the breach of promise to marry;
(c) where the death of that person has been caused by the act or omission which gives rise to the cause of action, shall be calculated without reference to any loss or gain to his estate consequent on his death except that a sum in respect of funeral expenses may be included.
(3) No proceedings shall be maintainable in respect of a cause of action in tort which by virtue of this section has survived against the estate of a deceased person unless either-
(a) proceedings against him in respect of that cause of action were pending at the date of his death; or
(b) the cause of action arose not earlier than six months before his death and proceedings are taken in respect thereof not later than six months after his personal representative took out representation.
(4) Where damage has been suffered by reason of any act or omission in respect of which a cause of action would have subsisted against any person if that person had not died before or at the same time as the damage was suffered, there shall be deemed for the purpose of this Act to have been subsisting against him before his death such cause of action in respect of that act or omission as would have subsisted if he had died after the damage was suffered.
(5) The rights conferred by this Act for the benefit of the estates of deceased persons shall be in addition to and not in derogation
of any rights conferred on the dependants of deceased persons by the Compensation to Relatives Act, and so much of this Act as relates to causes of actions against the estates of deceased persons shall apply in relation to causes
of action under the said Act as it applies in relation to other causes of action not expressly excepted from the operation of subsection
(6) In the event of the insolvency of an estate against which proceedings are maintainable by virtue of this section any liability in respect of the cause of action in respect of which the proceedings are maintainable shall be deemed to be a debt provable in the administration of the estate notwithstanding that it is a demand in the nature of unliquidated damages arising otherwise than by a contract, promise or breach of trust.
Power of Supreme Court to award interest on debts and damages
3. In any proceedings tried in the Supreme Court for the recovery of any debt or damages the court may, if it thinks fit, order that there shall be included in the sum for which judgment is given interest at such rate as it thinks fit on the whole or any part of the debt or damages for the whole or any part of the period between the date when the cause of action arose and the date of the judgment:
Provided that nothing in this section-
(a) shall authorise the giving of interest upon interest; or
(b) shall apply in relation to any debt upon which interest is payable as of right, whether by virtue of any agreement or otherwise; or
(c) shall affect the damages recoverable for the dishonour of a bill of exchange.
Controlled by Ministry of the Attorney-General